History of Ivanovo

History of Ivanovo
History of Ivanovo
Ivanovo city is the administrative, industrial and cultural centre of Ivanovo region, located in a picturesque area of the Volga river basin, 318 km from Moscow, on the route of the Golden Ring of Russia. The territory of the city is divided into 4 districts and occupies 10,5 thousand hectares. The population is 408025 people.
On the 21st July 1871 (2nd August in the Old style) by the decree of the Emperor Alexander II Ivanovo village and Voznesenskiy posad were integrated into a non-district town Ivanovo-Voznesensk, that became a part of Shuisky district Vladimir province. It was first mentioned in 1561 when, according to a legend, Ivan the Terrible granted this territory to his relatives – Earls Temriukovich-Cherkasskiis. In 1579 Pokrovskiy convent was built. In 17th century Ivanovo village became famous for producing linen fabrics and trading. The Ivanovo textile trade was of significant interest to Peter the Great, to which he invited specialists from Holland to set up manufacturing here. In 1705 by his decree a customs house was founded in Ivanovo to collect fees on trade into the treasury. In 1742 the first linen fabric manufactory was founded by G.Butrimov.
In 1743 the village passed into possession of earl P.Sheremetev. In the end of 18th century manufactories switched over to producing cotton and printed cotton fabrics. By the beginning of 20th century Ivanovo-Voznesensk had become an industrially developed town with population of more than 60 thousand people. The majority of enterprises were occupied in fabrics colouring, hence Ivanovo received its names “Printed Cotton Kingdom” or “Russian Manchester”. Over the years due to its rich and interesting history it has been known as Motherland of the First Soviet, the City of Brides, the Centre of the “Golden Ring”. In January 1929 Ivanovo-Voznesensk became the centre of Ivanovo industrial region, and was renamed into Ivanovo at the end of 1932.
Historically Ivanovo was being shaped as a centre for light and textile industries. The development of heavy machinery factories in Ivanovo was designed to equalise the male and female population. These industries produced cranes, textile equipment, looms, devices, chemical products. Construction industry and social sphere were actively developing. Nowadays there are around 26 thousand economic entities registered in the city, including more than 260 large industrial enterprises.
Ivanovo is one of historical and cultural centres of the country. There are 12 museums, 8 objects of pilgrimage tourism and about 400 significant historical and architectural sites. Ivanovo regional Art Museum, the Memorial House of an artist A.Morozov, the Museum of Industry and Art named after D.Burylin, the Memorial House of Tsvetaevy family, the Memorial office museum of M.Frunze are always happy to welcome the visitors. Among the architectural sites of 20th century the most remarkable are those built in 1920-30s in Constructivism style, designed by famous soviet architects V.Vesnin (Ivselbank, 1928), I.Fomin (complex of buildings for Ivanovo-Voznesensk Polytechnical Institute, 1930-1937), D.Fridman (“Ship-shape” house, 1930), A.Vlasov (Drama theatre, 1940). There are a circus, a theatre complex, including musical and drama theatres and puppet-show, 3 cinemas, a Centre of Culture and Leisure, a zoo and 3 recreation parks in the city.
Several contests are annually being held in Ivanovo: a contest “Textile salon” under the patronage of a famous Russian fashion-designer Viacheslav Zaitsev, who was born in Ivanovo; contest-festivals of children’s artistic creativity “Zhar-ptitsa” (“Phoenix”), “Samotsvety Rossii” (“Gems of Russia”), “Serebryanye golosa” (“Silver voices”) and “Zolotoye Koltso” (“Golden ring”).
Ivanovo is one of the most important tourist centres of the Ivanovo region. Every year it welcomes several hundred thousand visitors. They come to enjoy the developed culture in the city renowned for its architectural and social constructivism and the unique traditions that Ivanovo has to offer. Ivanovo is recognised for holding annual Russia-wide events, forums and fashion shows.
Ivanovo city is the administrative, industrial and cultural centre of Ivanovo region, located in a picturesque area of the Volga river basin, 318 km from Moscow, on the route of the Golden Ring of Russia. The territory of the city is divided into 4 districts and occupies 10,5 thousand hectares. The population is 408025 people.
On the 21st July 1871 (2nd August in the Old style) by the decree of the Emperor Alexander II Ivanovo village and Voznesenskiy posad were integrated into a non-district town Ivanovo-Voznesensk, that became a part of Shuisky district Vladimir province. It was first mentioned in 1561 when, according to a legend, Ivan the Terrible granted this territory to his relatives – Earls Temriukovich-Cherkasskiis. In 1579 Pokrovskiy convent was built. In 17th century Ivanovo village became famous for producing linen fabrics and trading. The Ivanovo textile trade was of significant interest to Peter the Great, to which he invited specialists from Holland to set up manufacturing here. In 1705 by his decree a customs house was founded in Ivanovo to collect fees on trade into the treasury. In 1742 the first linen fabric manufactory was founded by G.Butrimov.
In 1743 the village passed into possession of earl P.Sheremetev. In the end of 18th century manufactories switched over to producing cotton and printed cotton fabrics. By the beginning of 20th century Ivanovo-Voznesensk had become an industrially developed town with population of more than 60 thousand people. The majority of enterprises were occupied in fabrics colouring, hence Ivanovo received its names “Printed Cotton Kingdom” or “Russian Manchester”. Over the years due to its rich and interesting history it has been known as Motherland of the First Soviet, the City of Brides, the Centre of the “Golden Ring”. In January 1929 Ivanovo-Voznesensk became the centre of Ivanovo industrial region, and was renamed into Ivanovo at the end of 1932.
Historically Ivanovo was being shaped as a centre for light and textile industries. The development of heavy machinery factories in Ivanovo was designed to equalise the male and female population. These industries produced cranes, textile equipment, looms, devices, chemical products. Construction industry and social sphere were actively developing. Nowadays there are around 26 thousand economic entities registered in the city, including more than 260 large industrial enterprises.
Ivanovo is one of historical and cultural centres of the country. There are 12 museums, 8 objects of pilgrimage tourism and about 400 significant historical and architectural sites. Ivanovo regional Art Museum, the Memorial House of an artist A.Morozov, the Museum of Industry and Art named after D.Burylin, the Memorial House of Tsvetaevy family, the Memorial office museum of M.Frunze are always happy to welcome the visitors. Among the architectural sites of 20th century the most remarkable are those built in 1920-30s in Constructivism style, designed by famous soviet architects V.Vesnin (Ivselbank, 1928), I.Fomin (complex of buildings for Ivanovo-Voznesensk Polytechnical Institute, 1930-1937), D.Fridman (“Ship-shape” house, 1930), A.Vlasov (Drama theatre, 1940). There are a circus, a theatre complex, including musical and drama theatres and puppet-show, 3 cinemas, a Centre of Culture and Leisure, a zoo and 3 recreation parks in the city.
Several contests are annually being held in Ivanovo: a contest “Textile salon” under the patronage of a famous Russian fashion-designer Viacheslav Zaitsev, who was born in Ivanovo; contest-festivals of children’s artistic creativity “Zhar-ptitsa” (“Phoenix”), “Samotsvety Rossii” (“Gems of Russia”), “Serebryanye golosa” (“Silver voices”) and “Zolotoye Koltso” (“Golden ring”).
Ivanovo is one of the most important tourist centres of the Ivanovo region. Every year it welcomes several hundred thousand visitors. They come to enjoy the developed culture in the city renowned for its architectural and social constructivism and the unique traditions that Ivanovo has to offer. Ivanovo is recognised for holding annual Russia-wide events, forums and fashion shows.